Richard Owczarzy

Biopolymers, 1997, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp 217-239.

Predicting sequence-dependent melting stability of short duplex DNA oligomers

Richard Owczarzy, Peter M. Vallone, Frank J. Gallo, Teodoro M. Paner, Michael J. Lane, and Albert S. Benight

Many important applications of DNA sequence-dependent hybridization reactions have recently emerged. This has sparked a renewed interest in analytical calculations of sequence-dependent melting stability of duplex DNA. In particular, for many applications it is often desirable to accurately predict the transition temperature, or tm, of short duplex DNA oligomers (∼ 20 base pairs or less) from their sequence and concentration. The thermodynamic analytical method underlying these predictive calculations is based on the nearest-neighbor model. At least 11 sets of nearest-neighbor sequence-dependent thermodynamic parameters for DNA have been published. These sets are compared. Use of the nearest-neighbor sets in predicting tm from the DNA sequence is demonstrated, and the ability of the nearest-neighbor parameters to provide accurate predictions of experimental tm's of short duplex DNA oligomers is assessed.

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